Governance Synopsis

PRESIDENT OF MALTA

Upon taking up the position, the President takes an oath to ‘preserve, protect and defend’ the Constitution. Additionally, as part of his substantial and wide-reaching role, the President promulgates laws, receives foreign ambassadors, and may dissolve the House of Representatives on the request of the Prime Minister or following the passage of a no confidence motion in the Government. 

Ms Marie-Louise Coleiro Preca is Malta’s President and the country’s Head of State.

For more information on the role of the President, click here.


PRIME MINISTER OF MALTA

The Prime Minister is the Island’s Head of Government, as well as a Member of Parliament. He also advises the President on the appointment of the other Ministers.

Constitutionally, the Prime Minister is responsible for engaging Permanent Secretaries as well as giving advice to the President on the appointment of members to the Judiciary and other constitutional bodies.

Supported by the Office of the Prime Minister, the PM also provides leadership and direction for a stable and effective Government.

Dr Joseph Muscat took office as Malta's Prime Minister on 11 March 2013.


CABINET OF MALTA

The Maltese Cabinet is selected from among the members of the House of Representatives. Each is appointed by the President with the assent of the Prime Minister.


MALTESE PARLIAMENT

The Maltese Parliament comprises of the Pr​esident of Malta​M​r Speaker​, the Depu​ty Speaker, and the M​embers of Parliament.

Through its elected representatives, the Maltese House of Representatives is accountable to the local public for the provision and conduct of the representative government in the interest of Maltese citizens.
In line with this, the Office of the Clerk the legislature's secretariat is duty-bound to deliver effective, apolitical, professional and innovative services to support the efficient conduct of the House of Representatives, its committees as well as a range of services and facilities for Members of Parliament.

The Parliament has various objectives and responsibilities. For more information on the way Parliament works, including Parliament Practice, Parliament Procedures and the Legislative Process, click here
The Parliamentary Ombudsman is an independent and impartial institution that investigates and resolves citizens' grievances about Government departments and public bodies within jurisdiction, with fairness and in a timely and effective manner.

The Ombudsman promotes the right to good public administration and the right to complain against maladministration as a fundamental right of all Maltese citizens, and contributes towards improvements in the quality of Maltese public administration. It also promotes a positive attitude among the Maltese public service. 
For more information, click here.


THE PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION

The Public Administration is the core of the permanent administrative machinery within the Government. It offers policy advice, implements policies and administers legislation efficiently and effectively, as well as delivers services to the public impartially, without errors and in a customer-friendly manner. 

The Public Administration is headed by the Principal Permanent Secretary, Mr Mario Cutajar.


THE MALTESE JUDICIARY

The Maltese Judiciary is made up of serving Judges and Magistrates who have been appointed to sit in the Superior and Inferior Courts.

The undertaking of Judges and Magistrates in Malta is captured in the first sentence of their Oath of Office, to “…faithfully perform the duties of Judge [Magistrate] without favour or partiality, according to justice and right, and in accordance with the laws and customs of Malta, to the honour of God and the Republic of Malta.”
In performance of their duties, Judges and Magistrates are also to comply fully with the Code of Ethics for Members of the Judiciary, in order to ensure the highest standards of correct ethical behaviour, thereby strengthening the trust in the administration of justice.

For more information on the Maltese Judiciary, click here.


MEMBERS OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT 

Directly elected by EU voters every five years, members of the European Parliament (MEPs) represent the people. Parliament is one of the EU’s main law-making institutions, along with the Council of the European Union.
The number of MEPs for each country is roughly in proportion to its population. Under the Lisbon Treaty no country can have fewer than six or more than 96 MEPs; Malta has six. MEPs are grouped by political affiliation, not by nationality.

The current Maltese members of the European Parliament are: 

   Alfred Sant 
   Roberta Metsola
   Miriam Dalli
   David Casa
   Marlene Mizzi
   Therese Comodini Cachia

For more information on the European Parliament and Malta’s MEPs, click here.


THE CONSTITUTION OF MALTA

The Maltese Constitution was adopted on 21 September 1964 and has been the country’s legal order ever since. Any law or action in violation of the Constitution is considered null and void, and there is a strict three-tier entrenchment basis that must be gone through for any amendments to take place. It has been amended twenty-four times, most recently in 2007.

The Constitution covers topics across the board, including Citizenship, Fundamental Rights and Freedoms of the Individual, The Judiciary, Local Councils and more. For further information on the chapters of the Constitution, click he​re​.


ELECTIONS IN MALTA

As a democratic nation, Malta regularly holds elections. Malta has the highest non-compulsory General Election voting turnout in the world. It uses single transferable vote to elect its MP/MEP and local councillors.

Five types of elections are held in Malta:

   General Elections to elect the members of the House of Representatives
   Local Council elections to elect the members of the 68 local councils in Malta and Gozo
   Elections for Administrative Committees for Communities are held to establish Local Council Administrative
        Committees, each consisting of five members
   Elections for Members of the European Parliament select Malta’s members to the European Parliament
   Referenda enable registered voters to decide whether they approve a proposal or proposals set out in a 
        resolution passed by the House of Representatives

For detailed information on each type of election, click here.​

 
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