National Policy for the Deployment of Offshore Renewable Energy



Ministry for the Environment, Energy and Enterprise


Ministry for the Environment, Energy and Enterprise



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The European legislative framework strongly promotes the deployment of renewable energy. The Governance Regulation together with the Renewable Energy Directive mandate that each EU country sets out pathways to reach sectoral targets by means of National Action Plans. The plans have to define the technology mix scenario, the trajectory to be followed and the measures and reforms needed to overcome the inhibiting barriers, to facilitate and ensure the full deployment of renewable energy technologies.

While it is widely recognised that the Maltese Islands are limited by their spatial ground area of 316km2, the country through its strategic geographical location in the centre of the Mediterranean Sea, has a potential Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of over 70,000km2, which is much larger than its land area.

Significant technology advances in offshore wind floating technologies have now opened a possible local alternative for feasible offshore renewable projects located further away from the coast. Compared to onshore/near shore wind farms, such projects should have less impact on the environment and possibly inflict less burden on different economic operational activities competing for the same sites.

With the introduction of this offshore renewable energy policy, the Maltese government is setting the foundation to venture into a new arena of renewable energy. This initiative will complement the success of onshore photovoltaic rooftop and solar farms, contributing further to the ‘green’ energy transition in line with the EU legislative packages of the European Green Deal, Fit-for-55 initiatives and the REPowerEU plans.